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劳动帮助孩子走向独立 | Labor Helps Children To Be Independent

2022-04-29 81 12

五月,温暖而迷人

弥漫着初夏的味道

五月,感动而喜悦

洋溢着笑脸向我们走来

五月,充满着朝气

激励着人们用平凡的劳动

憧憬美好的未来

劳动创造了历史

劳动创造了未来

劳动帮助孩子走向独立


May is warm and charming.

The smell of early summer is everywhere.

May is moving and joyful.

He came to us with a smiling face.

May is full of vitality.

It encourages people to use ordinary labor.

Looking forward to a better future.

Labor has made history

Labor creates the future.


劳动是一切智慧的源泉,适当的劳动不仅能够锻炼孩子的动手能力,还可以培养他们吃苦耐劳的精神,对孩子的成长有很大的帮助。那么,孩子的劳动习惯我们又应该如何培养呢?



Labor is the source of all wisdom. Proper labor can not only help children practise their manual skills, but also cultivates their spirit of hard work. Both these things help children grow. So, how should we cultivate children's working habits?


其实,儿童劳动和成人劳动在意义和内涵上有所不同,孩子的劳动只是最基本的生活自理和一些力所能及的事。正如玛利亚·蒙特梭利博士所说:能够做力所能及的事情,比如会系鞋带、自己穿脱衣服的孩子,都会将他的快乐和成就感写在脸上,成为一个有尊严的人。人的尊严来源于人格的独立。


Children's labor and adult's labor differs. Children's labor is basic self-care. Dr. Maria Montessori said that a child who can do what he can, such as tying shoes and taking off his clothes has a sense of achievement and happiness and becomes a person of dignity. A person’s dignity comes from their independent personality.


在蒙特梭利教室里孩子是如何通过劳动走向独立的呢?


How do children become independent through labor in a Montessori classroom?














孩子们通过自己的努力,在完成自我照顾与环境的维护。我们从孩子的身上能够感受到他们的平和与专注,享受着这种自我照顾给自己带来的成就与满足。在这些行为背后是老师们对孩子足够的信任、耐心的等待与适时的引导。



Children work hard to look after themselves and to maintain their environment. We can feel their concentration and peace. Our students  enjoy the sense of achievement and satisfaction that comes from taking care of themselves. Children develop this through having trusting relationships with, and receiving patience guidance from their teachers.


孩子们在学校可以独立自信,照顾好自己,维护好环境。在家又可以参与哪些劳动呢?这份家务清单爸爸妈妈们可以带着孩子一起实践起来。


Children are independent and confident. They look after themselves and maintain the  environment at school. What can children do at home? Parents can do these household chores with their children.




1-3岁:家务是最好的游戏


1-3 years old. House work is one of the best games. Children can:



这个阶段,儿童喜欢模仿大人的动作,这是他们探索周围的方式,可以在安全有保障的前提下尽可能提供尝试的机会。


At this stage, children like to imitate the actions of adults, and explore their surroundings. Parents can provide opportunities for children to try do things on their own.



4-6岁:在家务中发挥想象力

4-6 years old.Children can use their imagination. They can:



有条件的家庭还可以让孩子参与一些种植花草和饲养小动物的活动。


Parents also can let their children participate in tree planting activities, and let them take care of pets.


这个阶段,孩子具有丰富的想象力,而且相比玩具,他们可能对真实的生活用品更感兴趣,可以多鼓励他们尝试新鲜事物。


At this stage, children have developed their imagination, and they may be more interested in real daily groceries than toys. So, parents can encourage their children to try new things in their life.


生活即教育,孩子的学习从来都不局限于教室,劳动带给孩子们独立、自信、快乐和能力是他们一生的财富。


Life is education. Children's learning should never be limited to the classroom. Labor brings children independence, self-confidence, happiness, and ability, which is the treasure of their life.




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